The roots of magic realism in literature can be traced to the early twentieth century and the works of Jorge Luis Borges and Alejo Carpentier.
There are many speculative fiction sub-genres associated with America: Both North and South. When I think of South America, I think of magic realism.
Uganda is a third-world country, which means it has lots of third-world problems: hunger, poverty, AIDS, and a president who refuses to give up power.
Magic realism can be used to craft some very powerful stories, and Indonesia has many powerful stories to tell.